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  • 生态修复
  • 文章编号:1009-6000(2009)07-0023-05
  • 中图分类号:X31    文献标识码:A
  • 作者简介:颜京松(1930—), 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所研究员,国际 生态工程前常务理事,中国生态学会生态工程专业委员会荣誉主席; 李梅姿(1942—),杭州清清水环境修复技术有限公司总经理,总工程师,杭州水 域管理处前副处长,中国生态学会生态工程专业委员会委员。
  • 塌陷湖生态修复和开拓利用生态工程
  • Ecological Engineering about Ecological Restoration and Exploitation & Utilization of Collapse Lake
  • 浏览量:
  • 颜京松
  • YAN Jing-song
  • 摘要:
    塌陷湖开拓利用与生态修复是对采煤塌 陷破坏自然环境与资源的一个修复和补 救的重要内容。塌陷区生态修复不可能 完全恢复到采矿前原有的状况,这也是 不可行的。可用生态工程,依据生态学 原理,通过优化组合生物的、物理的、化 学的和工程的多种途径和措施,修复被 破坏的生态系统,最终达到人与自然和 谐,经济、资源、生态环境协调发展。其 指导思想和基本原则是“整体、协调、自 生、循环”等,以及落实贯彻科学发展 观。本文还结合淮北市的具体现状,提 出应用这些原则,对塌陷湖的生态修 复、保育和开拓利用生态工程的一些具 体建议和措施。
  • 关键词:
    塌陷湖生态修复生态工程资源枯竭型城市
  • Abstract: In Huaibei City, such a resource- oriented city, very great economic profit are brought and social development are promoted by mining for coal, while mach damages to the ecological environment and natural resources are . Among these damage, the most severe one is the collapse of a wide range of farmland and etc. by coal mining and the deterioration of s ec o ndary environment b y the collapse. It is inevitable and necessary to carry out economic restructuring and ecological restoration for the development of such city. The exploitation,utilization and ecological restoration of collapse lake is one of these important contents.It is also the restoration and remedy focusing on the damage to natural environment and resources caused by coal mining collapse. It is neither possible nor feasible to restore the collapse area to the conditions where it was used to be through ecological restoration. It is 生│态│修│复本期聚焦 to res tore the d amaged eco system through optimized combination of various biological, physical, chemical and engineering approaches and measures, and finally reach the harmony between human and nature, and the coordinated development of economy, resource and ecological environment. The guiding ideology and fundamental principle of this eco lo gical engineering is “ho lism, coordination, self-resilience, circulation” and etc. as well as the implementation of scientific view of development. The article also combines the present specific situation of Huaibei to propose the application of these principles, and provides some specific suggestions and measures about ecological restoration and conservation, exploitation and utilization of this ecological engineering at collapse lake.
  • Key words: collapse lake; ecological restoration; ecological engineering; resource-exhausting city
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