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  • 特稿
  • 文章编号:1009-6000(2010)03-0028-04
  • 中图分类号:X31    文献标识码:A
  • 作者简介:王如松,博士,研究员,教授,中国科学院生态环境研究中心,国际科联环境问题科学委员会(SCOPE ICSU)副主席,中国生态学会理事长; 刘晶茹,中国科学院生态环境研究中心。
  • 城市生态与生态人居建设
  • Ecology, Ecopolis and Eco-Settlement
  • 浏览量:
  • 王如松 刘晶茹
  • WANG Ru-song LIU Jing-ru
  • 摘要:
    系统论述了生态的“耦合关系”、“系统学问“与和谐状态”三种内涵;阐明了城市生态的社会行为、物质代谢和自然环境三层结构。生态城市建设的核心是要强化城市的肺(森林、绿地、城市农业)、肾(湿地、水体)、皮(城市地表和土壤)、口(废弃物排泄口)和脉(水、能、物、人的通道)这些生态基础设施的服务功能,实现城市的净化、绿化、活化和美化;另一方面,生态城市不只要有自然生态的绿韵(蓝天、绿野、沃土、碧水),还要有人文生态的红脉(产业、交通、城镇、文脉)及其相互的融和,而不只是保护城市环境或生物。阐述了生态城市的安全生态、循环经济与和谐社会三大基础架构,以及生态人居建设的10项要求和生态规划的一些基本方法。
  • 关键词:
    生态生态城市人居环境生态建设
  • Abstract: The article systematically deals with three connotations including the coupling relations between organisms including human being and theirs environment, the systematic science and art about the relationship, and the harmonious state of their development. Urban ecology includes social ecology of human behavior, economic ecology of substance metabolism and physical ecology of nature habitat. One of the key tasks of ecopolis development is to enhance urban ecosystem service, especially the service of lung (urban green, forests and agriculture land), kidney (water body and wetland), skin (surface ground and soils), exit (wastes discharge outlets), and artery (channels, roads and metabolism networks) so as to realize a state of purification, greening, vitalization and beautification. On the other hand, the goal of ecopolis is not only the “green” of natural ecosystem, but also the “red” of human ecosystem. The “eco” in ecopolis is neither a return to primitive nature or only environment protection, nor a conquer over nature, but a integration of green rhythm (blue sky, green field, fertile land, green water) and red network (industry, transportation, city and town, culture vein), a tradeoff between environment and economy and a harmony among heaven, earth and human. It also brings up three pillars of ecopolis development (safe ecology, circular economy and harmonious society), ten indexes of ecological habitat construction, and approaches of ecopolis planning.
  • Key words: ecology; ecopolis; human settlement; eco-development
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