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  • 城市轨道交通发展及其影响
  • 文章编号:1009-6000(2015)06-0020-06
  • 中图分类号:U121    文献标识码:B
  • 项目基金:国家级大学生创新创业训练计划(227105601)。
  • 作者简介:孟天奇,北京师范大学资源学院本科生; 刘卓,北京师范大学资源学院本科生; 周彤,北京师范大学资源学院本科生; 李强,北京师范大学资源学院教授、博士生导师,通讯作者。
  • 基于网络分析的大城市轨道交通特征对比——以北京和上海为例
  • Comparing the Characteristics of Rail Transit Based on Network Analysis:A Case Study in Beijing and Shanghai
  • 浏览量:
  • 孟天奇 刘卓 周彤 李强
  • MENG Tianqi LIU Zhuo ZHOU Tong LI Qiang
  • 摘要:
    轨道交通发展较为成熟的北京上海为对象,以复杂网络理论为基础,在GIS 支持下构建了反映轨道交通网络基本特征、空间分布特征、网络结构特征的系列指标,对两地轨道交通进行对比分析。主要结论为:两地的轨道交通基本特征相似;两地轨道交通在距市中心15k m 范围内较为发达,上海在城市中心范围的便利性更优;北京轨道交通网络在城区外围能更方便地实现换乘,上海则与之相反。研究结果可为其他城市轨道交通系统规划与建设提供参考。
  • 关键词:
    轨道交通空间分布网络结构北京上海
  • Abstract: Taking Beijing and Shanghai with more developed rail transit system as objects and based on the theory of complex networks, the paper firstly constructed a series of indicators to describe the basic characteristics, spatial distribution characteristics and network structure characteristics of rail transit system. Then, in support of geographic information system, the characteristics of rail transit system in Beijing and Shanghai were analyzed comparatively. The main conclusions are as follows. The rail transit in Beijing and Shanghai are similar in station numbers, total length of lines and transfer station numbers. However, there is a slight difference in terms of average distance between stations. Moreover, the rail transits in both cities are densely distributed within the range of 15km from downtown, which means a high convenience in this area, and the rail transit in downtown of Shanghai is more convenient than that in downtown of Beijing. Finally, the rail transit network in the region of Beijing far from downtown can be more easily achieved with transfer between lines, but the rail transit network in Shanghai has transfer advantage in the downtown area. The research results would provide a reference for the planning and construction of rail transit system in other cities.
  • Key words: rail transit; spatial distribution of network; structure of network; Beijing; Shanghai
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