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  • 健康城市理论研究与实践探讨
  • 文章编号:1009-6000(2020)04-0018-09
  • 中图分类号:K901    文献标识码:B
  • Doi:10.3969/j.issn.1009-6000.2020.04.003
  • 项目基金:国家自然科学基金项目(41571146)。
  • 作者简介:王文文,硕士研究生,南京大学建筑与城市规划学院; 甄峰,通信作者,博士,教授,博士生导师,南京大学建筑与城市规划学院; 姜玉培,博士生,南京大学建筑与城市规划学院; 蔡希,镇江市发改委规划处处长。
  • 建成环境及个体特征对大城市居民超重肥胖的影响研究 ——以南京为例
  • Influence of Built Environment and Individual Characteristics on Overweight and Obesity of Urban Residents: A Case Study of Nanjing
  • 浏览量:
  • 王文文 甄峰 姜玉培 蔡希
  • WANG Wenwen ZHEN Feng JIANG Yupei CAI Xi
  • 摘要:
    随着城市化的不断深入,超重肥胖作为慢性病之源成为影响公众健康的重要因素,在此背景下如何主动改善这一健康问题成为当前多学科交叉研究的热点。以南京为案例研究地,借助问卷调查方法,试图探究建成环境和个体特征对大城市居民超重肥胖的影响,以期为相关研究与实践提供一定参考。分析结果表明:①非健康/ 健康食品店比率、地铁站点密度、公园密度、绿地率等建成环境要素对超重肥胖具有显著正向或负向影响;②素食为主、饮食口味偏淡、少饮酒的生活习惯,能够减少超重肥胖风险;③男性和年龄较大者是超重肥胖的风险人群。并进一步指出,需注重从空间干预的角度营造有助于减少超重肥胖健康风险的人居环境;同时公众宣传应当倡导健康饮食习惯,关注风险人群的身体质量指数,同时重视超重肥胖长期潜伏的特点,加强对中青年人群超重肥胖的预防。
  • 关键词:
    超重肥胖健康身体活动建成环境南京
  • Abstract: With the deepening of urbanization, overweight and obesity have become a serious factor endangering public health as the cause of chronic diseases. Under this background, how to actively improve the physical problems has become a hot topic of interdisciplinary research. Taking Nanjing as an example, this paper attempted to explore the impact of built environment and individual characteristics on overweight and obesity of urban residents by means of questionnaire survey, with a view to providing some reference for relevant research and practice. The results showed that: ①unhealthy food/healthy food shop ratio, the density of subway stations, the density of park and green space rate had signifi cant positive or negative infl uence on overweight and obesity; ②vegetarian-based, light-tasted and less-drinking diet habits could reduce the risk of overweight and obesity; ③male and the elderly were at risk of overweight and obesity. The paper further pointed out that it is important to pay attention to creating living environment that is helpful to reduce the health risk of overweight and obesity from the perspective of spatial intervention. Meanwhile, public publicity should advocate healthy eating habits, pay attention to the body mass index of risk groups, and strengthen the prevention of overweight and obesity among young and middle-aged people considering the long-term latent characteristics of overweight and obesity.
  • Key words: overweight and obesity; health; physical activity; built environment; Nanjing
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