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  • 规划与建设
  • 文章编号:1009-6000(2021)05-0045-08
  • 中图分类号:TU984;K928.72    文献标识码:B
  • Doi:10.3969/j.issn.1009-6000.2021.05.007
  • 项目基金:国家社科基金西部项目“时空观视角下的汉长安城遗址保护与民生发展协同性研究”(17XKG005)。
  • 作者简介:辛士午,长安大学建筑学院,硕士研究生; 陈稳亮,通信作者,博士,长安大学建筑学院城乡规划系副系主任,硕士生导师,副教授; 蔡肖萌,郑州大学建筑学院,硕士研究生; 李晓翔,长安大学建筑学院,硕士研究生。
  • 人地关系视角下遗址区聚落空间演变与发展研究 ——汉长安城遗址区聚落实证分析
  • Study on Spatial Evolution and Development of the Settlement Space in the Ruins Area by the Perspective of Human-Land Relationship: An Empirical Analysis of Settlements in Chang'an City Ruins Area of Han Dynasty
  • 浏览量:
  • 辛士午 陈稳亮 蔡肖萌 李晓翔
  • XIN Shiwu CHEN Wenliang CAI Xiaomeng LI Xiaoxiang
  • 摘要:
    遗址区聚落空间的演变来研究聚落发展是乡村人地关系不可或缺的内容。基于人地关系的依存、驱动、重构3 个维度的作用机理,以及遗址区聚落与遗址的互动依存、聚落对遗址的生产驱动、聚落与遗址的承载重构内涵入手,讨论了人地关系视角下汉长安城遗址区聚落空间演变的特征,探究了汉长安城遗址区聚落空间演变的影响机制。结果发现:(1)人地关系所表现的聚落与遗址的互动依存、聚落对遗址的生产驱动、聚落与遗址的承载重构特征,导致了遗址区聚落与遗址的动态关系演变、聚落内生的自下而 上的治理行为和外缘自上而下的政策机理刺激了人地关系机制的效能,从而引发聚落空间的演变;(2)汉长安城遗址区聚落空间在人地关系机制下先后经历了“初始分散生长—遗址保护聚落扩张生长—聚落与遗址重组整合生长—聚落与遗址协同生长”4 个发展阶段;(3)依托新时期乡村振兴的战略背景,汉长安城遗址区聚落空间未来的发展指向,是伴随着遗址区文化遗产所产生的文化动力,以及聚落自身转型的时效机制而进行统筹一体发展变化的。
  • 关键词:
    人地关系遗址区聚落空间演变汉长安城遗址聚落
  • Abstract: Studying the development of settlement space from the evolution of settlement space in the ruins area is an indispensable part of the rural human-land relationship. This paper discusses the characteristics of the spatial evolution of settlements in Chang’an City Ruins of Han Dynasty from the perspective of human-land relationship, and explores the infl uencing mechanism of the spatial evolution of settlements in Chang’an City Ruins of Han Dynasty, starting with the mechanism of the three dimensions of dependence, driving and reconstruction, the interactive dependence between settlements and ruins, the production driving of settlements and the reconstruction of their bearing. The results indicate that: (1) The interaction and dependence between settlements and sites, the production drive of settlements and the reconstruction of their bearing, which are manifested in the relationship between human-land relationship, lead to the evolution of the dynamic relationship between settlements and sites, and the endogenous bottom-up governance behavior of settlements and the top-down policy mechanism of outer edges stimulate the effectiveness of the relationship mechanism between man and land, thus triggering the evolution of settlement space. (2) The settlement space of Chang’an City Ruins of Han Dynasty has experienced four stages of development under the mechanism of man-land relationship: initial scattered growth, site protection and expansion growth, settlement and site reorganization and integration growth, and settlement and site synergy growth. (3) Relying on the strategic background of rural revitalization in the new era and new period, the spatial future development of settlements in Chang’an City Ruins of Han Dynasty is accompanied by the cultural power generated by the cultural heritage of the ruins and the aging mechanism of settlements’ own transformation.
  • Key words: human-land relationship; settlement in the ruins area; spatial evolution; Chang’an City Ruins of Han Dynasty
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